The Benefits of Using Fly Ash Class F (Fine)

Concrete in its hardened state — with fly ash — shows improved performance with:

  • Greater strength. Fly ash increases in strength over time, continuing to combine with free lime.

  • Decreased permeability. Increased density and long-term pozzolanic action of fly ash, which ties up free lime, results in fewer bleed channels and decreases permeability.

  • Increased durability. The lower permeability of concrete with fly ash also helps keep aggressive compounds on the surface, where destructive action is lessened. Fly ash concrete is also more resistant to attack by sulfate, mild acid, and soft (lime hungry) water.

  • Reduced alkali silica reactivity. Fly ash combines with alkalis from cement that might otherwise combine with silica from aggregates, thereby preventing destructive expansion.

  • Reduced heat of hydration. The pozzolanic reaction between fly ash and lime generates less heat, resulting in reduced thermal cracking when fly ash is used to replace a percentage of Portland Cement.

  • Reduced efflorescence. Fly ash chemically binds free lime and salts that can create efflorescence. The lower permeability of concrete with fly ash can help to hold efflorescence-producing compounds inside the concrete.


The ball-bearing effect of fly ash in concrete creates a lubricating action when concrete is in its plastic state.

This means:

  • Increased workability. Concrete is easier to place with less effort, responding better to vibration to fill forms more completely.

  • Increased ease of pumping. Pumping requires less energy; longer pumping distances are possible.

  • Improved finishing. Sharp, clear architectural definition is easier to achieve, with less worry about in-place integrity.

  • Reduced bleeding. Fewer bleed channels decreases porosity and chemical attack. Bleed streaking is reduced for architectural finishes. Improved paste to aggregate contact results in enhanced bond strengths.

  • Reduced segregation. Improved cohesiveness of fly ash concrete reduces segregation that can lead to rock pockets.

  • Reduced slump loss. More dependable concrete allows for greater working time, especially in hot weather.

The Benefits of Using Fly Ash Class C (Coarse)


Three Critical benefits to Cement manufacturing and the environment

  • First:

Being rich in silica, alumina, and iron, the fly ash can essentially replace raw materials in cement raw feed, such as shale and clay, which are otherwise mined or purchased.

  • Second:

The carbon content in fly ash can provide a fuel supplement for the energy-intensive cement manufacturing process.

  • Finally:

High-volume consumption of fly ash will reduce the annual volume of waste and improve the overall environment. This concept has been repeatedly demonstrated at commercial scale in which several hundred tons of dry fly ash with up to 20 % unburned carbon was used as a raw mix component in several cement plants.


Fly Ash


Is one of the residues generated by coal combustion, and is composed of the fine particles that are driven out of the boiler with the flue gases. Fly ash is generally captured by electrostatic precipitators or other particle filtration equipment before the flue gases reach the chimneys of coal-fired power plants